Vitamin K2 Deficiency Effects on Your Smile
Joined Aug 4, Messages Reputation 0. It has studies saying it lowers estrogen and increases testosterone. We already know that Vitamin D increases Calcium absorption and we know how K2 redirects that calcium to bones. Joined Nov 9, Messages 26, Reputation But I don't want to risk calcification of soft tissue so I need K2 lel. And btw more calcium to the bone means thicker bones.
I can't control where it goes tho but I hope my face. Joined Sep 26, Messages Reputation 0. Joined Jan 2, Messages Reputation Its cope. Joined Jan 24, Messages Reputation Jasons Incel. Joined Oct 25, Messages Reputation You have to laugh at people who claim their zygos got bigger from megadosing K2.
Note how it's only "looksmax" bones that are claimed to have grown. Cheekbones, brow ridge, jaw, wrists etc.Vitamin K2 has recently gained popularity in smaller health circles for its many benefits. But are all Vitamin K2 supplements the same? As a long term approach, I always recommend that my patients aim to get Vitamin K2 from food sources. However, one problem with MK-4 K2 may be that it has a short plasma half-life. Does that mean that Vitamin K2 MK-4 supplements are less effective?
Probably not. Therefore, the short plasma half-life of MK-4 supplements does not make them less beneficial. MK-4 is stored in the arteries, pancreas and even salivary glands. The Vitamin K2 MK-7 is derived from bacteria.
It is more likely to reach the bones and liver. The trans isomer is found in nature.
What to know about vitamin K-2
CIS is not thought to be found in nature, so it might have a different action in the body. If you get your K2 from foodsthen great — this does not apply to you. No, K1 is not critical to have K1 in a supplement. Most adults are not K1 deficient. Even consuming very small amounts of green leafy vegetables or vegetable oils can provide you with ample K1. Vitamin K2 MK-4 has not revealed any established toxicity syndrome or risk of serious side effects.
Nevertheless, the biochemistry of Vitamin K suggests that unnecessarily high doses could rob the body of antioxidants or interfere with blood sugar regulation, insulin sensitivity, and hormonal health. This is critical if you are taking prescription anticoagulants such as warfarin : The most common anticoagulants used in medicine are warfarin, Coumadin, and other brands of 4-hydroxycoumarins.
These anticoagulant drugs stop K1 recycling to keep the blood very thin.One of the biggest problems of modern dentistry has been a failure to address the cause of crooked teeth. Are crooked teeth caused by genes? The resounding answer is NO.
Vitamin K2: Are You Consuming Enough?
So, how did our teeth become crooked? The answer is simply our diet. The story of Vitamin K2 has helped mask the true cause of malocclusion crooked teeth. Diets lacking in the fat-soluble vitamins, in particular Vitamin K2, have resulted in the widespread stunting of jaw growth. The most common observation in kids that need braces is that they often mouth breathe.
There are many obstacles to proper nasal breathing. A deviated septum may be one, and often increases the risk of crooked teeth. The upper jaw or maxilla is the central pillar for the growth of the face and dental arch. Nasal breathing is a factor in the growth of the maxilla. A deviated septum can make nasal breathing difficult, and so may link to poor facial growth. In childhood, the cartilage of the nasal septum should remain flexible and finalize development at 16 in girls and 17 in males.
Septum defects may be due to early calcification and loss of this flexibility. Early nasal calcification is linked to Vitamin K2 through its activation of Matrix-GLA protein, which prevents soft tissue calcifying. In one child exposed to Vitamin K inhibitor warfarin during pregnancypoor nasal cartilage development has been observed. This has also been observed in fetuses. In micestunted facial growth has been found in Matrix-GLA deficient mice. By expressing Matrix-GLA protein locally in the cartilage, correction of the facial growth was also achieved.
While further large-scale trials are needed, Vitamin K2 has been shown to increase bone density. Studies show that Vitamin K decreases fracture risk.
The authors of this study suggested that health professionals monitor the bone density and diet of patients on Vitamin K antagonists such as warfarin. Vitamin K2 also interacts with human growth hormone GH to signal jaw growth.
Animal studies show that it directs the size of the marrow cavity in bones in rats. Crucial to calcium balance and bone metabolism, Vitamin K2 also influences the hormonal signals of bone growth. Vitamin K2 directs the hormonal signals of bone growth with three other factors:. Bone growth is directed by cartilage cells on the growth plate. Growth hormone is released by the pituitary gland and signals the liver to release IGF Vitamin D interacts at both of these levels, and growth hormone affects Vitamin D levels.Vitamin K was first discovered in by a Danish scientist named Henrik Dam.
He initially recognized that the component was not Vitamin A, C, D, or E, but could not determine what exactly the compound was. It was separately discovered by the Canadian dentist Weston Price, who was studying the relationship between dental health and diet in various human populations. He found that populations that did not consume a predominantly industrial diet had high amounts of an unknown nutrient in their system that protected against tooth decay.
This nutrient, which he called Activator X, is now thought to be Vitamin K. In a hurry? Here is the Best Vitamin K2 on the market. Vitamin K is thought to be a product of microbial action and biosynthesis because it is found mostly in leafy greens as well as fermented foods. There are two forms of Vitamin K: K1 and K2.
K1 is found in plants, and it is mostly associated with blood clotting, as it assists the liver in creating blood-clotting proteins. K2 is found in meat and fermented foods, and it is further subdivided into several subtypes with multiple uses and benefits. Vitamin K2 activates proteins that regulate calcium levels in the body. There is a synthetic form of Vitamin K, called Vitamin K3, but it was banned by the Food and Drug Administration because it causes severe liver damage.
A study on rabbits revealed that Vitamin K2 does this by reducing the total cholesterol, lipid peroxidation, and factor X activity in plasma. Since it can also decalcify arteries, a higher Vitamin K2 intake can prevent blood clots and reduces pressure on the heart as it pumps blood. When this occurs, a doctor will often give an oral supplement or injection to treat the issue. In one study on the effects of Vitamin K2 and bone health, the researchers coincidentally discovered that Vitamin K2 may prevent liver cancer.
Much more research is needed to confirm this. Because of this, Vitamin K2 supplementation is recommended for bone loss conditions like osteoporosis and osteopenia. Clinical trials support this, with a Japanese study showing that Vitamin K2 reduces the incidence of fractures by consuming 45 mg of Vitamin K2 per day.
This high dosage is not available in all countries, but other studies show that smaller doses found in dietary supplements like daily multivitamins are still useful in preventing bone fractures. Convinced that Vitamin K2 is for you?But you may not know that its name actually refers to a group of several vitamins that provide health benefits far beyond helping your blood clot. This article will review the differences between the two main forms of vitamin K found in the human diet: vitamin K1 and vitamin K2.
Vitamin K was accidentally discovered in the s and s after restricted diets in animals led to excessive bleeding 1. Although there are several different types of vitamin K, the two most often found in the human diet are vitamin K1 and vitamin K2.
Vitamin K1, also called phylloquinone, is mostly found in plant foods like leafy green vegetables. Vitamin K2 is found in fermented foods and animal products, and is also produced by gut bacteria. It has several subtypes called menaquinones MKs that are named by the length of their side chain. They range from MK-4 to MK Vitamin K1 is produced by plants. It is the predominant form of vitamin K found in the human diet.
The following list includes several foods that are high in vitamin K1. Each value represents the amount of vitamin K1 in 1 cup of the cooked vegetable 3. One subtype, MK-4, is found in some animal products and is the only form not produced by bacteria.
Chicken, egg yolks and butter are good sources of MK MK-5 through MK are forms of vitamin K2 with longer side chains. They are produced by bacteria and often found in fermented foods. Nattoa popular Japanese dish made from fermented soybeans, is particularly high in MK Additionally, a recent study discovered several pork products contain vitamin K2 as MK and MK 4. The vitamin K2 content for 3. The main function of all types of vitamin K is to activate proteins that serve important roles in blood clotting, heart health and bone health.
How Much Vitamin K for Strong Bones?
However, because of differences in absorption and transport to tissues throughout the body, vitamin K1 and K2 could have profoundly different effects on your health. In general, the vitamin K1 found in plants is poorly absorbed by the body. Less is known about the absorption of vitamin K2. Yet experts believe that because K2 is often found in foods that contain fat, it may be better absorbed than K1 2. This is because vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin.Did you know that vitamin K1 and vitamin K2 are different types of vitamin K?
Read on to learn the difference between K1 and K2, the benefits of vitamin K2, and how to incorporate K2-rich foods into your diet. Vitamin K1 and K2 share the same chemical ring structure but have varying side chain lengths. Vitamin K2 forms have polyunsaturated tails with anywhere from four to 11 carbon groups and are called menaquinones, MK-4 through MK MK-4 is found mostly from animal sources, while fermented vegetables are the main source of MK Vitamin K is a cofactor of the enzyme vitamin K carboxylase.
In short, vitamin K helps add a carbon dioxide to a protein, giving it a negative charge and thereby allowing it to bind to positively charged calcium. Vitamin K1 is preferentially used by the liver to activate blood-clotting proteins. Humans appear to have a unique preference for MK All animals convert every type of vitamin K into vitamin K2 MK The human placenta preferentially transports MK-4 over vitamin K1 across it, 3 and mammary tissue is the most efficient human tissue at converting vitamin Ks to MK-4, 4 further demonstrating its importance for humans.
In blood vessels, three vitamin K-dependent proteins, matrix Gla protein MGPGas6, and protein S, help prevent calcification and inflammation.
It should follow, then, that vitamin K intake decreases heart disease risk. The Rotterdam study found that in men followed for more than 15 years, the highest intake of vitamin K2 was associated with lower risks of severe aortic calcification, cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease mortality. Vitamin K-dependent osteocalcin binds calcium to deposit in bone.
MGP limits the sizes of calcium phosphate crystals to properly fit them into the bone matrix. Japanese postmenopausal women who consumed the most natto, the richest food source of vitamin K2, had less bone loss over time. In one year, only 5 to 10 percent of bone is renewed in adults. Our kidneys have high concentrations of vitamin K2, which is used to activate MGP to remove calcium and prevent kidney stones from developing.
A vast majority of the vitamin K found in the human brain is vitamin K2. Specifically, both prostate male only and lung cancers were reduced in those who consumed the highest levels of vitamin K2. When these two cancer types were removed from the analysis, vitamin K2 intake still correlated with lower overall cancer risk. When bone is resorbed, vitamin K-dependent osteocalcin is released into the serum in an undercarboxylated form. In mice with metabolic syndrome, vitamin K2 treatment normalized blood glucose and also reduced anxiety and depression.
The benefits of vitamin K2 are myriad and extend well beyond this article, including dental health, growth and development, and healthy skin. As mentioned earlier, animals do have the ability to convert vitamin K1 to vitamin K2 MK-4, but the conversion rates vary widely.
Regardless, most people are deficient in vitamin K, hence infants in the United States are given a shot of vitamin K1 at birth to aid blood clotting. Furthermore, many drugs inhibit the conversion of vitamin K1 to K2, including cholesterol-lowering drugs statinsosteoporosis drugs alendronate, zoledronateand blood thinners warfarin. I supply this list with a huge caveat—the source of the food means everything.Heart palpitations as a result of vitamin K2 supplementation
Grass-fed cows yield higher K2 in milk and butter than grain-fed cows.If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Vitamin K is an essential vitamin that supports blood clotting and healthy bones.
It occurs in two forms, K-1 and K Vitamin K-1 is the primary form, and it mainly comes from leafy green vegetables. Vitamin K-2 occurs in animal proteins and fermented foods.
The bacteria in the human gut also produce small quantities of K In this article, we discuss vitamin K-2, its functions, and how it differs from K We also describe dietary sources, health benefits, the recommended daily intake, deficiency symptoms, and supplements. Vitamin K refers to a family of fat-soluble vitamins that the body needs to produce a protein called prothrombin, which promotes blood clotting and regulates bone metabolism.
The body needs both types of vitamin K to produce prothrombin, a protein that plays crucial roles in blood clotting, bone metabolism, and heart health. Vitamin K also helps facilitate energy production in the mitochondria of cells.
Vitamin K-1 is primarily involved in blood coagulation. K-2 may have a more diverse range of functions in the body. In a long-term study involving 36, participants, researchers observed an association. However, the authors concluded that K-1 had no effect on PAD risk. Vitamin K has antioxidant properties.
It protects cellular membranes from damage due to excess free radicals, in a process known as peroxidation. Blood thinning medication, such as warfarin, can lower the antioxidative potential of vitamin K. Vitamins K-1 and K-2 have different chemical structures. Both types have a phytyl side chain, but K-2 also has isoprenoid side chains. K-2 has several subtypes, called menaquinones MKswhich scientists have numbered MK-4 through MK, based on the length of their side chains.
K-1 is the primary form of the vitamin, and it is mainly present in leafy green vegetables. However, the body has difficulty absorbing vitamin K-1 from plants. According to a reviewresearch suggests that the body absorbs 10 times more vitamin K-2, in the form of MK-7, than vitamin K Bacteria in the gut can synthesize vitamin K-1 into vitamin K Also, fermented foods, meat, and dairy products contain modest amounts of vitamin K The body stores vitamins K-1 and K-2 differently.
K-1 accumulates in the liver, heart, and pancreas. K-2 occurs in high concentrations in the brain and kidneys. Several foods are rich in vitamin K-1, and vitamin K-2 is much less common. Bacteria in the gut can convert some K-1 into K Also, because it is fat-soluble, organ meats and high-fat dairy products contain fairly substantial quantities of vitamin K